Pedro of Avis, prince

   One of the many talented sons of King João I and Philippa of Lancaster, regent and older brother of Prince Henry of Aviz (Prince Henry the Navigator). Pedro's life and work were important in consolidating an independent Portuguese monarchy and in promoting the maritime discoveries and explorations down the coast of Africa. Well-educated for a member of royalty in his day, Infante Dom Pedro was present as a warrior at the auspicious conquest of Ceuta in Morocco in 1415, and was named Duke of Coimbra that same year. From 1425 to 1428, he traveled and studied in Europe, including in England, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Aragon and Castile. He returned from his travels with a copy of Marco Polo's famous book and introduced this to his country.
   Among royalty and nobility, Prince Pedro's views were cautious regarding further Portuguese expansion in Morocco, and during the troubled times of 1436-38, he opposed the planned but ill-fated attack on the Moroccan city of Tangier; he called for the surrender later of Ceuta, in order to ransom the life of Prince Fernando, a prisoner in Moroccan hands. Following the death of King Duarte in 1438 and the subsequent succession crisis, including a civil war among factions, Prince Pedro acted as regent until 1446, when Prince Afonso reached his majority and was acclaimed King Afonso V, called "The African" (r. 1446-81).
   After Prince Pedro's powers were given up finally in 1448, his formerly exiled enemies returned to Portugal and vowed vengeance against him. Warfare ensued and, with the defeat of his army at the battle of Alfarrobeira in 1449, Prince Pedro was killed. His many accomplishments and talents off the battlefields were forgotten over the generations. Beginning in the late 19th century, the memory of his distinction and greatness was increasingly obscured by the growing fame, legend, and myth of his younger brother, Prince Henry of Aviz (Prince Henry the Navigator). An effort to rehabilitate the memory and public knowledge of Prince Pedro began in the early 1960s among a handful of foreign scholars, and was carried on by Portuguese scholars in the 1990s, but it appeared to have little effect against the pervasive cult of Prince Henry the Navigator.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pedro Gastão d'Orléans-Bragance — Le prince Pedro Gastão à côté du trône impérial du Brésil, à Petrópolis Succession(s) Prétendant au trône 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prince Gaston, Count of Eu — Gaston d Orléans Count of Eu Reign 28 April 1842 – 28 August 1922 ( 1000000000000008000000080 years, 10000000000000122000000122 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro Gastão de Orléans e Bragança — Pierre Gaston d Orléans Bragance Le Prince Pierre Gaston à côté du trône impérial du Brésil, à Petrópolis Pierre d Alcântara Gaston Jean Marie Philippe Laurent Humbert Michel Gabriel Raphaël d Orléans Bragance, « prince d Orléans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal — Miguel da Paz Prince of Portugal, Prince of Asturias and Prince of Girona House House of Aviz Beja Father Manuel I of Portugal Mother Isabella, Princess of Asturias Born 23 August 1498(1498 08 23) …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre II du Brésil — Pierre II L’empereur Pierre II du Brésil Titre Empereur du Brésil 7 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diogo of Portugal — Portuguese royalty House of Avis …   Wikipedia

  • Infante Diogo, Duke of Viseu — Portuguese royalty House of Avis …   Wikipedia

  • Henry the Navigator — Duke of Viseu …   Wikipedia

  • John II of Portugal — John II King Dom João II (John II) King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 11 November 1477–15 November 1477 (4 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Edward of Portugal — Edward 15th century painting of Edward King of Portugal and the Algarve Reign 14 August 1433 9 September 1438 ( 100000000000000050000005 years …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.